|© 1996 06||My home page||my publications|
This page has
content links, and
The main text is on a separate page.
Grant, S. (1996) SimulACRUM: A cognitive architecture for modelling complex task performance and error. In: Proc. 8th European Conference on Cognitive Ergonomics (ECCE 8), Granada, Spain. September 10 - 13.
when presented and until October 1996 at:
Work done while at:
Joint Research Centre
Institute for Systems, Informatics and Safety
Three examples from the literature demonstrate the kind of phenomena that need to be covered by cognitive models of error. A novel cognitive architecture for the modelling of human behaviour and error is here outlined. It is based on classes, and instances, of entities, and of situations, represented in a contextually modular way as task units. Crucially, there are two kinds of transition between task unit instances: in known situations it is rule-based, while in unusual cases it is governed by matching the current state representation against normal state envelopes of 'usual', expected states.
Cognitive simulation models; cognitive architecture; error; complex systems; cognitive ergonomics.
Anderson, J. R. (1993). Rules of the Mind. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bartlett, F. C. (1932). Remembering. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Cacciabue, P. C., Decortis, F., Drozdowicz, B., Masson, M., & Nordvik, J.-P. (1992). COSIMO: a cognitive simulation model of human decision making and behavior in accident management of complex plants. IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, 22 (5), 1058-1074.
Grant, S. (1994). Modeling complex cognition: Contextual modularity and transitions. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on User Modeling, pp 157-162, Hyannis, MA, USA. The MITRE Corporation.
Hollnagel, E. (1993). Human Reliability Analysis, Context and Control. London: Academic Press.
Monnier, A et al. (1993). Rapport relatif à l'accident survenu le 20 janvier 1992 près du Mont Sainte-Odile (Bas-Rhin) à l'AIRBUS A320 immatriculé FGGED exploité par la Compagnie Air Inter. Ministère de l'equipement, des transports et du tourisme, France.
Newell, A. (1990). Unified Theories of Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Reason, J. (1990). Human Error. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Woods, D. D., Johannesen, L. J., Cook, R. I., & Sarter, N. B. (1994). Behind Human Error: Cognitive Systems, Computers and Hindsight. CSERIAC, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio.
|© 1996 06||My home page||My publications|